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A patient suffering from
dystonia will experience involuntary muscle contractions, which cause the affected body part to twist. Most often, dystonia alters movement in the head, limbs, trunk or neck and can be reduced or disappear during sleep. The cause of the disorder falls into one of two categories - generalized (inherited) or focal (affecting one body part).
According to the
Dystonia Medical Research Foundation , deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been approved for use with this condition for a decade but has only been used with approximately 1,000 patients to date.
DBS may be considered for patients whose dystonia has not responded to oral medications or botulinum toxin injections, the two most common forms of therapy. Some patients have been reported to have up to 90% improvement.
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